A honeydew has a round to slightly oval shape, typically 15–22 cm (5.9–8.7 in) long. It generally ranges in weight from 1.8 to 3.6 kg (4.0 to 7.9 lb). The flesh is usually pale green in color, while the smooth peel ranges from greenish to yellow. Like most fruit, honeydew has seeds. Honeydew's thick, juicy, sweet flesh is often eaten for dessert, and is commonly found in supermarkets across the world. This fruit grows best in semiarid climates and is harvested based on maturity, not size. Maturity can be hard to judge, but is based upon ground color ranging from greenish white (immature) to creamy yellow (mature). Quality is also determined by the honeydew having a nearly spherical shape with a surface free of scars or defects. Also, a honeydew should feel heavy for its size and have a waxy (not fuzzy) surface.
Honeydew is a type of edible melon, which is an excellent source of Vitamin C. Honeydew are found either in green or orange flesh.
It contains few nutrients and small amounts of potassium. Honeydew is a great source of foliate that has become well known for its power to forbid birth defects and is of great importance to women of childbearing age.
Foliate is an essential component when cells are dividing rapidly because it carries fragments of proteins. One cup of honeydew has just 60 calories and provides 70 percent of our day-to-day requirement of vitamin C. It contains plenty of water too, which can keep us hydrated on a hot summer day.
It is fat-free, cholesterol free, low in sodium, yet delivers 100 percent on the critical energy component found in functional foods. The nutritional value of honeydew makes it an excellent choice for both weight control and general health. Honeydew helps prevent cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and cancer.